Negligence is defined as failure to exercise the care toward others, which a reasonable or prudent person would do in the given circumstances. In other words, when people act in a careless manner and their actions cause someone else to be injured, the careless person could be held legally liable, or responsible, for any harm that occurs.
According to Findlaw, in order for you to prove that someone has been negligent and caused you to be injured you must prove four separate things. You must show that the person in question did in fact act in a negligent manner. Those four things are: